As we all know, each individual responses differently to the same situation. For example, while seeing a person falling down, one might laugh, some other might run to help him and another might simply feel sympathy. These behaviors are mainly based on previous experiences each individual has already had.
Neuro-linguistic programming is actually a study about this relationship between these behaviors and the individual experiences related to them. It is really an approach to psychotherapy. With the help of this study, an individual can gain a higher level of self-awareness and thus can try to change their unwanted behaviors.
Neuro-linguistic programming, otherwise known as NLP, was developed in early 1970's. It was found that many psychological problems like distress, habit disorders, learning problems etc can be easily resolved by using neuro-linguistic methods. NLP patterns are being used even in interpersonal communications like business communication, management training, public speaking, and team building.
Normally the way we communicate to others reflects a subconscious perception of who we are. A neuro-linguistic therapist diagnoses an individual's problem based on our body movements and facial expressions. He also considers the words used to explain the problem. These problems may be keeping the patient back from achieving his life goal. So after finding out the actual cause, the therapist suggests the methods and techniques that can be effectively used to change the behavior. NLP can be effectively used for self healing by changing individual attitude.
Different models are used in neuro-linguistic therapy. A model can be thought of as a technique used in identifying the root cause of the problem. One such famous model is the Meta model. The Meta model deals with a set of questions to find out the actual problem. From the answers received from the patient, the therapist gets clear information about what is in his mind.
The Milton model is another model. Here some vague suggestions are given to the person purposefully. Based on the response received from the person, the therapist can have a better understanding about the problem. By using any of these models for diagnosis, the therapist can suggest to the person methods and ideas for becoming a better person.