- According to insulin protocol, properly beginning insulin is very imperative for the diabetic patient.special syringe for insuline injections image by Maria Brzostowska from Fotolia.com
The first factor of IV insulin protocol is beginning insulin for the patient. Insulin should be started when glucose is above average range. Average range for normal glucose is 70 to 110 milligrams per deciliter; anything above this is considered hyperglycemic unless associated with a temporary increase after eating a meal, followed by a quick return to normal levels. Standard IV drip is 100 units per 100 milliliters of 0.9% Sodium Chloride according to the Texas Department of State Health Services.
- Capillary glucose testing should be performed every hour until the target range is desired.blood testing image by John Keith from Fotolia.com
The next factor in IV insulin protocol is patient monitoring. All patients should have finger sticks every hour until target glucose range is attained for 4 hours. Critical patients should be monitored hourly, even if glucose range is stable.
- IV insulin should be stopped only when a physician orders the discontinue.Stop image by Andrew Breeden from Fotolia.com
IV insulin should be discontinued in certain circumstances according to protocol. When a patient has no history of diabetes and is receiving less than 1 unit per hour, insulin should be discontinued. The physician should be notified when a hypoglycemic patient has not resolved after administration of dextrose 50% in water (D50W) administered intravenously.