Most shoulder injuries are caused by muscular imbalance. This imbalance is usually caused by a sport specific training regimen. Some muscles become highly developed and strong while the others remain where they were. In case of shoulder injury in an athlete the following is recommended:
1. Until and unless the cause of the injury is determined, the shoulder should not be exercised in any way.
2. In case of inflammation apply ice.
3. Isolate the part that is injured - ligaments, tendons etc. and the area of injury. The most susceptible parts for a shoulder injury are bicipital groove and coracobrachialis. In case of a tear to the ligament or tendon, surgery becomes important.
Weight lifters and power lifters are mostly prone to shoulder injuries of a different nature. Muscles keep the shoulder joint in place including the glenoid cavity that accommodates the ball-and-socket in which the head of the humerus plays. Weight lifters are prey to a very common shoulder injury - over rotation of the arm caused by a too strong pectoralis musculature. The muscles along with teres major, try to cause rotation against the rotator cuff causing shoulder injury.
Prevention and treatment comprises of:
1. Restoring nerve supply.
2. Relieve the spasm causing the shoulder injury by acupressure right in the middle of the pectoralis and teres major.
3. Cut off all exercise aggravating shoulder injury and any contraindicating exercise directly or indirectly contributing to shoulder injury.
Healing is possible on restoration of nerves and blood circulation. After going through a few chiropractic treatments and assessing the progress, a rehabilitation exercise regimen can be prescribed. These exercises should be free hand to begin with and weights could be introduced at a later stage. Consumption of calcium and magnesium is recommended through diets rich in these minerals.
The treatment should be kept as short as possible keeping in mind the response of the patient suffering from shoulder injury. The patient should feel "comfortable" with the exercise regimen and progress without any unnecessary acceleration.