One of the primary causes for a partially collapsed lung is that the patient experiences pain post operatively and the patient limits the amount of air into the lungs by taking small gasps of breath as it is painful to breathe, which in turn causes a mucus build up and can result in pneumonia. Signs and symptoms include an increased heart rate and shortness of breath. After an orthopaedic procedure in particular, blood clots can form which in turn travel to the lugs and for a pulmonary embolism which is fatal. People that are obese, smoke and are immobile present a risk for forming blood clots of which start in the legs.
Theatre nurse jobs Melbourne Australia requires specific skills that include knowledge on the principals of infection control and peri-operative nursing. A theatre nurse needs to be able to make sound independent clinical judgements, knowledge of documentation, legal requirements and handling of schedule 8 drugs. Such nurses must have the ability to demonstrate commitment and also be aware of the workplace safety act and also have to renew their certification annually. After a patient has undergone a surgical procedure they sometime experience lack of energy and fatigue caused by the general anaesthetics which can last for a few weeks. Many patients that have undergone major surgery may have to have a longer period of bed rest and no exercise which in some instances results in muscle atrophy.
After a surgical procedure, patients should get out of bed as soon as possible as this will prevent muscle weakness. Patients that have had abdominal surgery also need to be extra cautious and not lift any heavy objects for at least two to six weeks until the wound has healed. Physical therapists are recommended in order to help patients get back into their everyday routine quicker.