Steps for Science Projects

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Topic Selection


Reread any articles, passages or reports that particularly interested to you. Rate the articles according to your level of interest, and record it in a notebook.

Circle any ideas or themes covered in each article. List as many interesting scientific concepts as possible, using your analysis of the reading material as a starting point. Mark out any non-testable or non-demonstrable ideas. In order to create a project based on an idea, it must be a testable concept. Write down the testable concept you have selected in the form of a question that will be answered by the project.

Research the question you have selected. Determine an appropriate method for answering the question. For instance, in order to determine whether heavy objects fall faster than light objects, a researcher might drop a bowling ball and a piece of gravel at the same moment and note which hits the ground first.



State a hypothesis concerning the results of the proposed experiment. Record your hypothesis in your notebook and prepare to adjust it as you continue to experiment.

List the possible variables that could affect the experiment. Create methods of eliminating variables that don't have a direct relation to the concept you are testing. Set up the experiment so that it can be performed multiple times to gather data.

Perform the experiment and record the results. Pay attention to the relation of the results to your hypothesis. Add variables to the experiment to determine factors that may influence the results. Record these results separately.

Take notes for your project report. Note unexpected results along with those that aligned with your hypothesis. Do additional research, if necessary, to discover the reasons for the unexpected results.

Project Report and Demonstration


Write or draw a plan for how you will demonstrate your findings. Create a miniature version of the experiment that can be easily reproduced in a controlled setting.

Write a report describing the project. Include background information concerning your reasons for doing the research, the principles of the experiment, your initial hypothesis, the experiment results and conclusions you reached as a result of experimentation.

Set up your project display on the day of the demonstration. Arrive with plenty of time to do your installation. Perform the experiment as a demonstration of your research.
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