It is also called as chronic renal disease.
In this disorder, the victim experiences loss of renal function gradually over a long period of time.
In many a case, the damages caused by the functioning of the kidney is not very visible.
The patient feels unwell most of the time and has very little appetite.
The diagnosis of this disease is done by screening people through a lot of tests related to kidney problems and other related diseases like diabetes and blood pressure.
This is because people suffering from the latter are at a high risk of problems related to the kidney.
In addition, chronic kidney disease is found to be genetic in the case of a few people.
The disease is identified by testing the creatinine levels through a blood test.
If the levels are much higher than the normal, then it indicates that the blood filtration rate of the kidney is very low.
This leads to a conclusion that the ability of kidneys to remove the waste is diminishing.
Hence, the disease gives rise to some of the most widespread complications like peridcarditis, anemia or cardiovascular problems.
Though creatinine levels indicate normalcy during the initial stages of CKD, the urine analysis tests indicates that the kidney is letting the precious red blood cells or excess protein content in the blood.
In addition, renal biopsy that involves testing a kidney tissue sample helps to find out the causes of abnormal functioning of the kidney.