What Are Military Rangers?

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    Missions

    • The Rangers are capable of combat zone infiltration via land, air or sea. They are responsible for executing special operations and light infantry operations in all weather, all terrains and all times. Rangers are airborne paratroopers, capable of insertion into combat zones via parachute. This is a fundamental component of their standing objective of maintaining global rapid deployment capability.

    Capabilities

    • Rangers maintain the capability to engage in multiple mission profiles. Direct action missions are the bread and butter of Ranger operations, with the objective of seizing, capturing or destroying enemy forces and facilities through precision and force. Army Rangers are also tasked with airfield seizure, parachuting into enemy-held territory, seizing and controlling enemy airfields, opening them up for allied use. Rangers also practice clandestine insertion into combat zones, conducting special reconnaissance and raiding operations. Rangers also specialize in personnel recovery in combat.

    Organization

    • The two most common ways of joining the Rangers are directly through enlistment, or transfer after enlistment. Options at enlistment include enlisting in a qualified military occupational specialty that the Rangers have a vacancy in, with the most common being in the infantry. Additional to enlistment, officers may attend Ranger School, an intense two-month combat leadership course, which rewards the title of "Ranger" upon graduation. This qualifies for eligibility to command in the Ranger regiment once they reach the rank of captain. After schooling, qualified Rangers will be sent to one of three battalions, located at either Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia, Fort Lewis, Washington, or Fort Benning, Georgia.

    History

    • The first Rangers were formed by Army Major Robert Rogers in the 18th century during the American colonial period. These Rangers were renowned for their means of unconventional warfare, engaging the French and the Native Americans utilizing cover-tactics, close ranger ambushes and hatchets in melee combat. The foundations laid by Rogers are still followed today. The modern Ranger Regiment has its roots in World War II, where the Rangers landed in Normandy on D-Day and fought for the liberation of Europe. Rangers have fought in every major conflict since, including Korea, Vietnam, the Iranian hostage crisis, Grenada, Panama, operations in the Horn of Africa, the Gulf Wars and in Afghanistan.

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