Detailed Note on Diabetes - Type 2

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Diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes occurs when the glucose level in the blood increases more than normal.
Diabetes Type 2 is very common and affects many people.
Details about diabetes Type 2: This type of diabetes is quite common among people above forty years of age.
It is found to rarely affect younger people.
The symptoms for this type develop gradually and may take even weeks or months before you find out.
In this diabetes type the insulin is still secreted but the amount secreted is not enough.
The cells of the liver and muscle do not use insulin in a proper manner as they become insulin resistant.
Diabetes Type 2 is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes or maturity onset.
This is quite common among obese and over weight people.
Type 2 diabetes is said to be caused by genetic reasons too.
Symptoms for diabetes Type 2: The most common symptoms for this type of diabetes include oFatigue oUnusual weight loss oFrequent urination oBeing thirsty most of the time Generally, the symptoms for diabetes Type 2 gradually develop and most people actually get used to them.
Many people do not even know that they suffer from diabetes Type 2.
Few experience blurred vision and frequent infections.
Some patients do not experience any symptoms whatsoever.
Causes for diabetes Type 2: The first and foremost cause for Type 2 diabetes includes the body's resistance to insulin.
Sometimes the pancreas stops producing enough insulin due to overweight or inactivity.
The pancreas is a gland that is located just behind the stomach and is solely responsible for the secretion of insulin.
When food is taken in, the pancreas starts secreting insulin into the blood stream.
Insulin acts as a key to unlock the microscopic doors that allow sugar to enter your blood.
When this activity is not done properly, then the blood sugar gets deposited thereby resulting in increased blood sugar levels.
Tests and diagnose for diabetes Type 2: Different tests are carried out to diagnose Type 2 diabetes.
The most common tests include: oGlycated Hemoglobin test oRandom blood sugar test oFasting blood sugar test oGlucose tolerance test Glycated hemoglobin test shows the average blood sugar level for the past two months.
If the report shows 6.
5 % or higher, then it indicates diabetes.
When the level is between 6 and 6.
5 %, then you are more prone to developing diabetes in the future.
This stage is known as pre-diabetes.
Random blood sugar test is done by taking a blood sample at any time of the day irrespective of when you last ate.
If it shows 200 milligrams per deciliter of blood sugar level, it suggests the presence of diabetes.
Fasting blood sugar test is done by taking a blood sample after an over night fast.
If your report shows 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter, it indicates pre-diabetes and if the reading shows 126 mg/dl, then you most certainly have diabetes.
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