Fly trout lures are a better imitation than many baitcasting lures of the types of insects and baitfish trout normally eat.
Also, baitcasting lures can also be large and bulky in the water, which tends to scare away fish rather than attract them.
There are many different types of flies an angler can use when trout fishing.
The information below will describe and analyze these lures, as well as go over basic casting technique.
You may have heard of dry flies and wet flies and assumed they are fairly similar, but they are actually quite different from each other.
Wet flies sink in the water, while dry flies remain near the water's surface.
This is because wet flies are made to act like drowned adult insects and dry flies are supposed to imitate adult insects that are still alive.
Most dry flies are made in the likeness of stoneflies, caddis, or mayflies.
If you are going to fly fish using dry flies, be sure to cast your line upstream so that your fly will float downstream and appear as natural as possible in the water.
If you are having trouble casting upstream, you can also cast diagonally against the water's current; this helps place your fly where it needs to be but keeps your line from scaring away trout.
You should also cast upstream if you are using wet flies as well.
Wet flies work best when the current is swift, so pick a fast-moving spot in the stream.
Nymphs are similar to wet and dry flies and can be used in a similar manner as wet flies.
Allow your bait to flow at the same pace as the current and be sure not to have drag in your line because this will create an unnatural appearance in the water.
Sometimes a strike can be difficult to detect when fly fishing with nymphs.
There are a couple tactics you can use to prevent a strike from going unnoticed.
First, a strike indicator will assist you when you have a bite.
Second, you can limit yourself to short casts so that your fly is not so far away and is easier to spot.
Instead of looking like insects, streamers mimic baitfish.
Since they are a larger type of trout lure, they will also attract larger fish.
However, do not assume you can pull out a streamer from your tackle box whenever you are hoping for a lunker and assume you will catch a big one.
Streamers will work best when used in spring or fall months when the water is cold.
The best technique for fly fishing with streamers is to allow the bait to be carried downstream and twitch your rod every so often to create the appearance of a swimming minnow.
Since trout will feed on insects such as grasshoppers, crickets, and ants, flies are made to imitate these creatures as well.
Grasshopper flies are best used on windy days when real grasshoppers may have been blown onto the water; this keeps up the allusion that your bait is real and will increase your chances of a strike.
Grasshopper flies do not need to be moved much, so do not flick your rod excessively lest you make your bait look unnatural.
Like nymphs, ant flies are tiny, so short casts are effective.
Seasoned trout fishermen may employ a variety of casting techniques that require advanced skills.
Beginning anglers can start out with the basic overhead cast, which will produce short or medium length casts and is a good cast for stream fishing.
The most important part of the overhead cast is making sure you create an effective back cast.
After you have let out the amount of line you will need for your cast, you will want to quickly whip your rod back over your head, then forward again.
These should be swift, sharp motions that cause your line to form a J-shape in the air as you are back casting.
Casting with a fly rod requires a certain amount of finesse and skill, and a lot of practice will definitely go a long way in helping you perfect your cast.