These jobs help to protect ecosystems by reducing energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies.
It also helps minimize all forms of waste and pollution for sustainable development.
Sustainable development is a need of the hour as natural resources are increasingly vanishing.
The sustainable development may be achieved through 'green economy', which is a niche area for growing new economic development model.
This model is dissimilar to the existing model of development that is based on fossil fuels, such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
The green economy aims at interdependence of human economy and natural ecosystem by addressing the issues of global warming and environmental degradation.
Since the green economy is a new concept which requires enormous resources and human capital by creating green jobs, ensuring real, sustainable economic growth, and preventing environmental pollution, global warming, resource depletion, and environmental degradation.
Green jobs help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution Some developed economies have taken leading steps towards green jobs and technology and developing country such as India and China are making efforts to go for green economy.
Green jobs include opportunities for managers, scientists and technicians particularly in informal sectors where most: youth, women, farmers, rural populations and slum dwellers may be a major player.
India has large potential of human capital so there is a big scope of green jobs.
However, some green jobs are also dangerous such as recycling and waste management, biomass energy and construction.
Recent developments in technology and the process of globalization along with climate change issues have shifted the priority of global labour markets.
In developed economies the measures in this direction have been initiated but developing nations have not yet taken the leap.
The phenomenal growth rates achieved by some of the developing countries like India and China has changed the carbon footprint of the world.
In this context keeping in mind the importance of sustainable development, these countries will require a radical shift in developing new skills and qualifications which will offer great potential for the creation of green jobs.
India has a large share of traditionally trained manpower (i.
potters, rural artisans etc) which is already in-line with the green skill domain; the remaining contemporary technical manpower has to be transformed both at the level of skill as well as in the thought process.
This will aid towards building a greener economy.