How to Make a Spring Feed Water System

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    • 1). Develop your spring by digging above it to find a point where it is at least three feet below the surface or comes out of rock. Excavate a reservoir the size you require and create a 6-inch gravel bed at the bottom. On the downslope side, build a watertight cutoff wall of plastic, concrete or other material to hold the water in the reservoir and install a collector pipe to direct collected the water to a holding tank, called the spring box.

    • 2). Below this reservoir, create a square watertight spring box of reinforced cast concrete slabs or other sturdy watertight material of your choice that is at least 4 feet deep. Leave at least 1 foot of its depth exposed above ground. The dimensions of the box depend on how much water you want to store, but it must have a closely fitted heavy sheet metal or cast concrete top with an overhang to prevent rainwater contamination. Leave an opening near the top of the wall on the upslope wall for the collector pipe to bring in water from the reservoi, an outlet pipe low on the downslope wall to direct water to the household system and an overflow pipe to keep water from backing up into the reservoir. Install the collector and outlets pipes with a cutoff valve on each to control water flow and a drain in the bottom of the spring box so that you can empty and clean it as necessary.

    • 3). Before you fill the spring box, clean and disinfect it with chlorine. Close the collector pipe, drain the box and scrub the walls, floor and lid with a solution of 1 gallon of laundry bleach in 10 gallons of water. Calculate the number of gallons your spring box holds, close the outlet valve and open the collector valve and allow the box to fill. Add an appropriate amount of household bleach or concentrated swimming pool chlorinator (available at pool supply stores). Open all faucets and allow the water to run until you smell chlorine, then close them. Wait 12 hours, then open the entire system (outlet valve, inlet valve and faucets) and let the water run until you no longer smell chlorine.

    • 4). Protect your spring by fencing a generous area around it to keep large animals such as cattle and hogs from attempting to access it.

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