NGO Registration in India: NGO Registration Procedure in India

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Non-governmental organization (NGO) is a term that has become widely accepted as referring to a legally constituted, non-governmental organization created by natural or legal persons with no contribution or symbol of any government. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partly by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status and excludes government representatives from membership in the organization.

Types of NGOs:

NGO often alternative terms are used as for example: independent sector, volunteer sector, civil society, grassroots organizations, transnational social movement organizations, private voluntary organizations, self-help organizations and non-state actors (NSA's).

1.CSO,short for civil society organization;
2.DONGO: Donor Organized NGO
3.ENGO: short for environmental NGO
4.GONGOsare government-operated NGOs, which may have been set up by governments to look like NGOs in order to qualify for outside aid or promote the interests of the government in question
5.INGOstands for international NGO; Education charter international is an international NGO
6.QUANGOs are quasi-autonomous non-governmental organizations, such as the International Organization for Standardization(ISO).
7.TANGO: short for technical assistance NGO
8.Grassroots Support Organization
9.MANGO: short for market advocacy NGO

A Non Governmental Organization is perceived to be a body of individuals or an association of persons. An association of persons with non-profit motive may be registered under any of the following Indian Acts:
1.As a Charitable Trust.
2.As a Society registered under the Societies Registration Act.
3.As a Company licensed under section 25 of the Companies Act.

Legal aspects:

There is a wide diversity of structures and purposes in the NPO landscape. For legal classification and eventual scrutiny, there are, nevertheless, some structural elements of prime legal importance:

•Economic activity
•Supervision and management provisions
•Accountability and Auditing provisions
•Provisions for the amendment of the statutes or articles of incorporation
•Provisions for the dissolution of the entity

•Tax status of corporate and private donors
•Tax status of the foundation

Formation and structure:

In the United States, nonprofit organizations are formed by incorporating in the state in which they expect to do business. The act of incorporating creates a legal entity enabling the organization to be treated as a corporation under law and to enter into business dealings, form contracts, and own property as any other individual or for-profit corporation may do.

A primary difference between a nonprofit and a for-profit corporation is that a nonprofit does not issue stock or pay dividends,  and may not enrich its directors. However, like for-profit corporations, nonprofits may still have employees and can compensate their directors within reasonable bounds.

The two major types of nonprofit organization structure are membership and board-only. A membership organization elects the board and has regular meetings and power to amend the bylaws. A board-only organization typically has a self-selected board, and a membership whose powers are limited to those delegated to it by the board. A board-only organization's bylaws may even state the organization has no membership, although the organization's literature may refer to its donors as "members"; examples of such structures are Fairvote and the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws.The Model Nonprofit Corporation Act  imposes many complexities and requirements on membership decision-making. The National Association of Parliamentarians has raised concerns about the implications of this trend for the future of openness, accountability, and understanding of grassroots concerns in nonprofit organizations. Specifically, they note that nonprofit organizations, unlike business corporations, are not subject to market discipline for products and shareholder discipline over their capital; therefore, without membership control of major decisions such as election of the board, there are few inherent safeguards against abuse. A rebuttal to this might be that as nonprofit organizations grow and seek larger donations, the level of scrutiny rises, including expectations of audited financial statements.

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