- 1). Remove all the topsoil from the slope and the dips of the area that you intend to level. Topsoil usually incorporates the upper-most 8 inches of soil, and is often a darker color than the subsoil below. Place the topsoil aside in its own pile. If the slope needs to be lowered further, begin removing the subsoil and placing it in a separate pile from the topsoil.
- 2). Distribute the subsoil evenly across the yard until the soil is level. Use a shovel and a rake to make the surface even. In large backyards, a bulldozer or other heavy equipment may be necessary, along with some professional assistance. Where excess soil is creating drainage and flooding problems, consider having some of the soil carried away in trucks.
- 3). Move the topsoil from its pile, and distribute it across the yard to make an even surface. You probably do not want to make your yard perfectly flat, as a slight slope ensures effective drainage conditions. Ideally, the slope should move downward away from your house at a rate of 1 foot of decline per 50 feet of soil.
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