Metabolic Bone Disease Treatment for Birds

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    Symptoms

    • Metabolic bone disease restricts a bird's movement. Limbs become distorted and deformed.

    Diagnosis

    • A radiograph showing decreased bone density, and possible fractures suggest metabolic bone disease. Blood tests showing a low level of calcium and a high level of phosphate confirms the diagnosis.

    Cause

    • A malfunctioning uropygial gland in birds can cause low calcium levels. Also, lack of sun exposure can lead to reduced calcium levels.

    Treatment

    • Calcitonin-salmon and calcium carbonate supplements can be given to normalize calcium levels. Full spectrum ultraviolet therapy aids in the production of vitamin D.

    Diet

    • Feed birds a varied diet. Avoid a diet which solely contains foods high in oxalates, fats and tannins, because they affect calcium metabolism.

    Housing

    • Ensure the cage or enclosure does not have glass or plastic which filters sunlight. Expose birds to direct sunlight for at least one hour a week.

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