The acid in the stomach helps in the digestion of food.
At times, this acid flows back to the stomach from the oesophagus, creating an uncomfortable condition known as a heartburn.
This is normally the first manifestation of acid reflux and one should seek medical attention when this happens regularly.
Acid reflux is mainly caused when the lower oesophagus sphincter fails to block the entry of acid into the stomach causing the victim to have severe heartburn.
A change in the person's diet might help to reduce the impact of the heartburn, though in many cases, it is recommended to seek medical attention immediately.
If the right treatment is not administered, it might lead to erosive oesophagus which is a result of continuous failure of prevention of the acid to flow back by the sphincter.
There are several ways in which it can be prevented.
It is very important for people to watch their lifestyle.
That is to say, the types of food that they eat, the time they sleep and also the amount of water they take.
For people who suffer from this condition, they are advised to sleep on their left side as opposed to their right side.
In case they have the habit of sleeping on their backs, they are advised to sleep with their heads elevated.
People who suffer from this condition should cultivate the culture of eating frequently but in smaller quantities.
They should avoid large quantities of food all at once.
This helps in the prevention of acid flowing back to the stomach from the oesophagus.