New skin cells come up from deeper layers of skin while older skin cells are sloughed off.
As we get older this process can become more difficult as the viscous adhesive-like substance that keeps the cells together gets denser.
New skin cells cannot rise to the surface and dead skin cells trap oil and dirt in your skin.
This can result in a duller looking complexion, acne, rough, dry, oily or dark patches.
Exfoliation involves manually removing dead cells from the skin.
This can be done in several ways.
One way is with abrasive substances or tools, the other way is chemically.
Exfoliating tools include loofahs, brushes, certain wash clothes which are designed to exfoliate as they clean.
Abrasive substances are usually emollients with something coarse added which will scrub off the dead cells.
Common materials used include salt, sugar, crushed apricot kernel, almond shells, and jojoba beads.
Some scrubs have the added bonus of antioxidants, protecting your epidermis from free radicals (those can cause aging.
) Look for scrubs with Vitamin C, fruit enzymes, or jojoba beads.
Some people may react to harsher scrubs such as those made of apricot or nut shells as they may leave sensitive skin inflamed.
There are also exfoliating masks which you apply wet, it dries, then you pull it off.
Chemical exfoliation usually involves putting some sort of acid on the face including fruit enzymes, citric acid, and glycolic acid.
There are some over-the-counter products with low concentrations of a particular acid.
A medical professional should apply anything stronger.
Regular exfoliating should become part of our skin care routine.
This should be performed no more than once or twice a week.
You do not want to irritate your skin.
However, including exfoliation as part of your cleansing can result in healthier looking skin and in some cases can reduce the production of sebum, the oil your skin produces.
This is great news for those with oily skin.
Those with dry skin may want to proceed with caution as exfoliation could irritate the skin.
Never use a body scrub on your face as those scrubs are intended for the thicker skin of your body and not the sensitive skin of your face.
Exfoliating results in smoother and softer skin.
It helps to keep your face cleaner as scrubbing away dead skin cells keep pores from clogging.
Clogged pores can result in whiteheads, blackheads and acne.
Your skin tone becomes healthier and your skin color becomes more even.
Also after exfoliating, your skin absorbs moisturizers and other skin products more readily and into deeper layers of new skin.
Exfoliating is an easy way to keep your skin looking it's best.
Healthy, smooth, and glowing skin is attractive at any age!