- A flower's color and shape helps to lure in pollinators.petals image by Jessica Rickards from Fotolia.com
After a stem appears above ground, a plant must create its own food, so it grows leaves. Soon after that, so it can reproduce, the plant will produce flowers.
Pistil and Stamen
- A flower's pistil and stamenInside tulip image by Maxim Z from Fotolia.com
A flower's color, shape and markings can lure pollinators to the flower's center where the plant's reproductive systems lie. A flower's pistil and stamen are the flower's female and male reproductive parts.
Fertilization and Seeds
- The stamen is covered with pollen, or sperm, which pollinators--various insects, other animals or wind--carry from one flower to another. Located deep in a flower's center and pistil is its ovary, which contains ovules or eggs. When pollen combines with an ovule, the ovule is fertilized and becomes a seed.
- After the flower has done its job--producing seeds through pollination--it begins to change. The flower's ovary, which holds the plant's fertilized ovules, swells and becomes the plant's fruit.
- Brightly colored rose hips attract birds.rose-hips image by Maxim Lysenko from Fotolia.com
Seeds spread in various ways. For example, brightly colored fruits attract birds and animals searching for food. The seeds will pass through their stomachs intact and be distributed to other locations through their droppings. Then a new plant can grow, to start the life cycle again.