Breast Cancer - Symptoms and Treatment

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Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women and the leading cause of death for women aged between 40 and 55 years. It can occur at any age but the risk increases as you age. For example, to make the risk of breast cancer in 70 years is double that of 50 years. More than 70% of women who have breast cancer have not had anyone in the family sick from the disease.

Early diagnosis (monthly breast self-examination is very important, mammograms done annually after age 35-40 years) means better chances of survival. Breast cancer does not bypassing any men.

The ideal time to check your breasts. See the methods of self-examination

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Breast Cancer Symptoms

In most cases, the first sign of breast cancer is a lump found by the woman or the doctor. This knot is most commonly located in the upper part of the breast, near the armpit. Other symptoms are deformation nipple and areola or nipple (retraction). Sometimes breast cancer shows no sign.

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Stages of breast cancer

1. Stage 0 carcinoma in situ
There are two types of carcinoma in situ:

A. ductal carcinoma in situ

It is a non-invasive tumor, a precancerous stage that occurs in altered cell proliferation superficial layer lining the mammary ducts. These modified cells are confined to the ducts, not extending to the other tissues in the breast. Although currently there are no known factors that predispose to transformation of ductal carcinoma in situ in an invasive tumor in some cases, it can become invasive tumor and can spread to other tissues

B. Lobular carcinoma in situ

Is the stage of the tumor cells were modified as a starting point lobules in the mammary gland. In rare cases, lobular carcinoma in situ may become invasive tumors, although its presence at the level of the mammary glands increases the risk of developing cancer in the other breast and mammary glands. The size of mammary gland tumors can be the size of a pea, a peanut, nuts or lemon.

2. Stage I

The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and is confined to the breast

3. Stage IIA

- The tumor is detected in the mammary gland, but is detected in the lymph nodes;

- The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has spread to the axillary lymph;

- The tumor is between 2 and 5 centimeters and has not spread to the axillary nodes;

4. Stage IIB

- The tumor is larger than 5 centimeters but has not spread to the axillary nodes.

5. Stage IIIA

- The tumor is detected in breast, but is detected in the lymph nodes which are as a conglomerate mass, attached to each other or are attached to other structures

- The tumor is 5 centimeters or smaller and has spread to the lymph nodes which are as a conglomerate mass, attached to each other or are attached to other structures

- The tumor is larger than 5 centimeters and has spread to lymph nodes that can form a conglomerate mass, attached to each other or are attached to other structures

6. Stage IIIB

The tumor can be any size and:

- Has spread to tissues near the breast (skin or chest wall, including the ribs and the muscle of the chest)

- Can spread to lymph nodes within the breast or under the arm.

7. Stage IIIC

- The tumor has spread to the lymph nodes and lymph nodes subclavicular near the neck

- Can spread to lymph nodes within the breast or under the arm (axillary) and to tissues near the breast.

In operable stage IIIC, the tumor:

-Is detected in 10 or more lymph nodes under the arm
-Is found in lymph nodes near subclavicular and neck on the same side of the body with breast tumor
-Is detected in the lymph nodes within the affected breast and axillary lymph satellites.

In inoperable stage IIIC, cancer has spread to lymph nodes near the supraclavicular and neck on the same side of the body as the affected breast cancer.

8. Stage IV

The tumor has spread to other organs in the body, most often in the bones and lungs. It is an inoperable stage.

Breast Cancer Treatment

Therapy consists of collating the following processes:

1. Total Mastectomy
The surgery will remove the entire mammary gland, a portion of adjacent tissue health, safety, and lymph nodes affected.

2. Breast reconstruction based on silicone implants, saline or autogenous tissue

3. Radiotherapy
Is designed to kill cancer cells (based on X-ray external and internal radioactive inoculated using catheter in the tumor region)

4. Administration of monoclonal antibodies

5. Chemotherapy
Will receive chemotherapy designed to slow down the proliferation of malignant cells.

6. Hormone therapy for estrogen receptor inhibition.
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