- A lipid panel is used to check triglyceride levels. The same test used to check cholesterol levels, it requires blood to be drawn after a nine to 12 hour fast.
Guidelines for Triglyceride Levels
- The National Cholesterol Education Program issued a set of parameters for evaluating triglyceride levels based on a fasting test: normal is less than 150 mg/dL, borderline is 150-199 mg/dL, high is 200-499 mg/dL and very high is 550 mg/dL or higher.
Dangers of High Triglycerides
- High triglyceride levels are dangerous because they increase the risk of stroke, heart attack and heart disease by promoting atherosclerosis, hardening of the arteries.
Causes of High Triglyceride Levels
- High triglycerides can result from obesity, a combination of high blood pressure, high blood sugar and high cholesterol, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, low thyroid hormone levels, and liver or kidney disease.
Maintaining Healthy Triglyceride Levels
- Some ways to maintain healthy triglyceride levels include maintaining a healthy body weight and caloric intake; choosing foods low in refined sugar, cholesterol and trans fat; eliminating alcohol, and getting plenty of exercise.