Purpose of the Periodic Table

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    Ordering of Elements

    • One major purpose of the periodic table is to organize the elements based on increasing atomic number.

    Grouping

    • The periodic table is also able to group elements together based on similar properties. Elements in the same column generally behave similarly in chemical reactions.

    Information Display

    • Most periodic tables have important information about each element, such as its atomic mass, which can then be used to calculate the number of atoms in a sample.

    Classification

    • Elements can be classified as metals, nonmetals or metallic, based on their location in the periodic table.

    Energy

    • The periodic table is also able to show what is the highest amount of energy an electron can have in an atom based on which row the atom is in.

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