- Constructions workers must always keep their mind on the job. Failure to do so could result in the serious injury of themselves or others. Safety equipment may differ from job to job, although basics like hard hats, safety glasses, gloves, and safety shoes should be worn at all times. Workers must stay properly hydrated and know the locations of water in case of fire or a chemical burn. The use of illicit drugs and alcohol is strictly prohibited on a construction site.
Construction sites should be kept clean. Keeping the work site free of debris, garbage and rubble will improve work efficiency and reduce the chances of an injury due to falling or tripping. Workers should be especially conscious of sharp objects, such as nails, screws or glass.
Workers must be properly trained in the jobs they've been assigned. This includes operators of all power tools as well as heavy machinery operators. Only the drivers of heavy machinery should ride on the vehicles, in the positions designated by the manufacturer. People who are working on the ground near heavy machinery must be sure that machinery operators have visual contact with them at all times. Machinery should never be fueled, lubricated or adjusted while it is running.
- There are many rules designed to protect construction workers who might be working above the ground. First, it's important for workers who are afraid of heights to stay on the ground. Nervousness or nausea can occur when these workers are on ladders or scaffolding. Ladders must be equipped with safety feet in order to improve stability. Step ladders are not an appropriate substitute for straight ladders. Ladders must also extend three feet above their landing, for safe entry and exit. Ladders are typically made of conductive material, and for this reason, wires and debris should be kept clear.
Scaffolds should be assembled according to the specifications set by the manufacturer, and planks must be properly overlapped. In addition, it's important to observe the weight limits specified on scaffolds. No materials should ever be tossed off a roof, ladder or scaffold, because other workers might be passing underneath.