Start out by gathering a shovel, a rose bush, compost and strong gloves.
A good idea is also to talk to a local professional gardener or landscape expert to find out which roses will grow best in your climate an which roses are the most disease resistant in your area.
This is to ensure the least amount of maintenance for you.
Decide what your garden's needs are and choose your roses accordingly and choose what you would like to make the most use of.
For example, do you want plant able boxes, roses in pots and containers or packaged flowers? Then you should choose the ideal place to plant your roses.
This should be a place that gets at least five to six hours of sunlight per day for optimal growth.
Choose an area with well-drained soil and good soil has a PH level of approximately 5.
5 to 7.
You can buy a cheap testing kit at almost any centre that sells gardening supplies or at a nursery.
Take your rosebush and soak the roots in water for about 8 hours.
You should make sure to remove broken and injured or bruised parts, as well as canes that are less thick than pencils before you plant any bushes.
Prepare your rose bed by spading deep: spading is defined as digging a hole with a flat head shovel.
For each plant, you should dig a hole approximately 35 to 50cm wide and deep depending on the size.
Then, add organic matter and mix it very well with the existing soil.
Organic matter is usually in the form of dung, shredded leaves or moss (shredded leaves are cheapest if you can collect and store them yourself).
Fill the bottom of the hole with a cone of earth to relax the roots and place the bud union at approximately ground level.
Position the rose on soil pyramid so the bud union (swelling at the stem base) is just above the ground level.
Then, you should fill the hole half way with soil and water.
Wait for the water to filter down and fill the hole with the residual soil.
This ensures comprehensive root treatment with no air pockets.
Do not tramp down the soil, because too few circulations for your roses can cause fungal infections.
After the water drains look to see if the bud union remains at the correct level and fill the rest of the hole with soil.
Water your plants frequently for the first 3 to 4 weeks after planting your roses, because this is when the top 4cm of soil is dry.
To stay healthy, your roses need hydration and "food".
When watering, it is best to do it early in the morning or at night, because this is when least water evaporation occurs.