Side Effects of Discontinuing Use of Oral Contraceptives

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    Irregular Menstruation

    • The most common side effect of discontinuing oral contraceptives is that menstrual cycles become irregular. This may be a temporary side effect, but if you had irregular cycles before taking oral contraceptives, you may continue to have unpredictable periods.

    Amenorrhea

    • After discontinuing oral contraceptives, many women do not ovulate or get a period for several months. When synthetic estrogen is no longer present, it may take time for the pituitary gland to start producing hormones again.

    Acne

    • Acne may be caused by excess androgen that increases oil production in the skin. Estrogen in low-dose oral contraceptives counteracts acne-producing androgen, so discontinuing oral contraceptives may lead to breakouts.

    Plasma

    • Because of changes in blood plasma concentration that occur when discontinuing oral contraceptives, a 1991 study at the Margaret Pyke Centre in London determined that pills should be discontinued 4 weeks before undergoing any major surgery.

    Weight Change

    • Because some women gain or lose weight when they start oral contraceptives, you may experience slight weight changes when discontinuing oral contraceptives.

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